Trailing edge cooling cavities in modern gas turbine airfoils play an important role in maintaining the trailing-edge temperature at levels consistent with airfoil design life. In this study, local and average heat transfer coefficients were measured in a test section, simulating the trailing-edge cooling cavity of a turbine airfoil using the steady-state liquid crystal technique. The test rig was made up of two adjacent channels, each with a trapezoidal cross-sectional area. The first channel, simulating the cooling cavity adjacent to the trailing-edge cavity, supplied the cooling air to the trailing-edge channel through a row of racetrack-shaped slots on the partition wall between the two channels. Eleven crossover jets issued from these slots entered the trailing-edge channel and exited from a second row of race-track shaped slots on the opposite wall in staggered or inline arrangement. Two jet angles were examined. The baseline tests were for zero angle between the jet axis and the trailing-edge channel centerline. The jets were then tilted toward one wall (pressure or suction side) of the trailing-edge channel by 5 deg. Results of the two set of tests for a range of local jet Reynolds number from 10,000 to 35,000 were compared. The numerical models contained the entire trailing-edge and supply channels with all slots to simulate exactly the tested geometries. They were meshed with all-hexa structured mesh of high near-wall concentration. A pressure-correction based, multiblock, multigrid, unstructured/adaptive commercial software was used in this investigation. Standard high Reynolds number turbulence model in conjunction with the generalized wall function for most parts was used for turbulence closure. Boundary conditions identical to those of the experiments were applied and several turbulence model results were compared. The numerical analyses also provided the share of each cross-over and each exit hole from the total flow for different geometries. The major conclusions of this study were (a) except for the first and last cross-flow jets which had different flow structures, other jets produced the same heat transfer results on their target surfaces, (b) jets tilted at an angle of 5 deg produced higher heat transfer coefficients on the target surface. The tilted jets also produced the same level of heat transfer coefficients on the wall opposite the target wall, and (c) the numerical predictions of impingement heat transfer coefficients were in good agreement with the measured values for most cases; thus, computational fluid dynamics could be considered a viable tool in airfoil cooling circuit designs.
Experimental and Numerical Cross-Over Jet Impingement in an Airfoil Trailing-Edge Cooling Channel
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Taslim, M. E., and Nongsaeng, A. (April 20, 2011). "Experimental and Numerical Cross-Over Jet Impingement in an Airfoil Trailing-Edge Cooling Channel." ASME. J. Turbomach. October 2011; 133(4): 041009. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4002984
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