In Part I of this paper a family of numerically optimized subsonic compressor airfoils for heavy-duty gas turbines, covering a wide range of flow properties, is presented. The objective of the optimization was to create profiles with a wide low loss incidence range. Therefore, design point and off-design performance had to be considered in an objective function. The special flow conditions in large-scale gas turbines have been taken into account by performing the numerical optimization procedure at high Reynolds numbers and high turbulence levels. The objective of Part II is to examine some of the characteristics describing the new airfoils, as well as to prove the reliability of the design process and the flow solver applied. Therefore, some characteristic members of the new airfoil series have been extensively investigated in the cascade wind tunnel of DLR cologne. Experimental and numerical results show profile Mach number distributions, total pressure losses, flow turning, and static pressure rise for the entire incidence range. The design goal with low losses and especially a wide operating range could be confirmed, as well as a mild stall behavior. Boundary layer development, particularly near stall condition, is discussed using surface flow visualization and the results of boundary layer calculations. An additional experimental study, using liquid crystal coating, provides necessary information on suction surface boundary-layer transition at high Reynolds numbers. Finally, results of Navier–Stokes simulations are presented that enlighten the total pressure loss development and flow turning behavior, especially at high incidence in relation to the results of the design tool. [S0889-504X(00)02602-7]
1999 Turbomachinery Committee Best Paper Award: Development of Advanced Compressor Airfoils for Heavy-Duty Gas Turbines— Part II: Experimental and Theoretical Analysis
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute and presented at the 44th International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition, Indianapolis, Indiana, June 7–10, 1999. Manuscript received by the International Gas Turbine Institute February 1999. Paper No. 99-GT-96. Review Chair: D. C. Wisler.
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Ku¨sters, B., Schreiber, H., Ko¨ller , U., and Mo¨nig, R. (February 1, 1999). "1999 Turbomachinery Committee Best Paper Award: Development of Advanced Compressor Airfoils for Heavy-Duty Gas Turbines— Part II: Experimental and Theoretical Analysis ." ASME. J. Turbomach. July 2000; 122(3): 406–414. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1302321
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