A review of the development and performance of the DAF Indal 50-kW vertical axis Darrieus wind turbine shows that a high level of technical development and reliability has been achieved. Features of the drive train, braking and control systems are discussed and performance details are presented. Details are also presented of a 500-kW VAWT that is currently in production. A discussion of the economics of both the 50-kW and 500-kW VAWTs is included, showing the effects of charge rate, installed cost, operating cost, performance, and efficiency.
Design, Performance, and Economics of 50-kW and 500-kW Vertical Axis Wind Turbines
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Schienbein, L. A., and Malcolm, D. J. (November 1, 1983). "Design, Performance, and Economics of 50-kW and 500-kW Vertical Axis Wind Turbines." ASME. J. Sol. Energy Eng. November 1983; 105(4): 418–424. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3266402
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