Laboratory tests were conducted to determine the fatigue performance of abrasive-waterjet- (AWJ-) machined aircraft titanium. Dog-bone specimens machined with AWJs were prepared and tested with and without sanding and dry-grit blasting with Al2O3 as the secondary processes. The secondary processes were applied to remove the visual appearance of AWJ-generated striations and to clean up the garnet embedment. The fatigue performance of AWJ-machined specimens was compared with baseline specimens machined with Computer Numerical Control (CNC) milling. Fatigue test results of the titanium specimens not only confirmed our previous findings in aluminum dog-bone specimens but also further enhanced the fatigue performance of the titanium. In addition, titanium is known to be difficult to cut, particularly for thick parts, however, AWJs cut the material 34% faster than stainless steel. AWJ cutting and dry-grit blasting are shown to be a preferred combination for processing aircraft titanium that is fatigue critical.
Machining of Aircraft Titanium With Abrasive-Waterjets for Fatigue Critical Applications
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Liu, H., Hovanski, Y., and Dahl, M. E. (December 22, 2011). "Machining of Aircraft Titanium With Abrasive-Waterjets for Fatigue Critical Applications." ASME. J. Pressure Vessel Technol. February 2012; 134(1): 011405. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4004834
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