Because most structures are subjected to transient strain-rate loading, an experimental study was conducted to investigate the stress-strain behaviors of an aluminum alloy undergoing varying strain-rate loading. To this end, uniaxial tensile loading was applied to coupons of dog-bone shape such that each coupon underwent two or three different strain-rates, i.e., one rate after another. As a basis, a series of single-strain-rate tests was also conducted with strain-rates of . When the material experienced multistrain-rate loading, the stress-strain curves were significantly different from any single-strain-rate stress-strain curve. The strain-rate history affected the stress-strain curves under multistrain-rate loading. As a result, some simple averaging of single-strain-rate curves did not predict the actual multistrain-rate stress-strain curve properly. Furthermore, the fracture strain under multistrain-rate loading was significantly different from that under any single-strain-rate case. Depending on the applied strain-rates and their sequences, the former was much greater or less than the latter. A technique was proposed based on the residual plastic strain and plastic energy density in order to predict the fracture strain under multistrain-rate loading. The predicted fracture strains generally agreed well with the experimental data. Another observation that was made was that the unloading stress-strain curve was not affected by the previous strain-rate history.
Stress-Strain Behavior of an Aluminum Alloy Under Transient Strain-Rates
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Kwon, Y. W., Esmaeili, Y., and Park, C. M. (June 3, 2011). "Stress-Strain Behavior of an Aluminum Alloy Under Transient Strain-Rates." ASME. J. Pressure Vessel Technol. August 2011; 133(4): 044501. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4003470
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