Abstract

The dynamic response of a jacket-supported offshore wind turbine under coupled wind, wave, and current fields during Hurricane Sandy is the subject of this study. To illustrate the detailed procedure related to the response evaluation of a 5-MW offshore wind turbine with a jacket support structure, we consider a single site where the water depth is 50 m. Loads are computed using two simulation tools, fast and abaqus, with partial coupling. Aerodynamic loads on the turbine rotor are first evaluated using a wind turbine model in fast with a fixed base; then, these rotor aerodynamic loads are applied as point loads at the top of a model of a tower that is supported by a jacket structure in abaqus. On the basis of stochastic simulations, we discuss the applicability of the abaqus jacket modeling and describe the characteristics and comparisons of the aerodynamic and hydrodynamic effects on loads on the jacket members. Details related to the structural model and soil–pile interaction model employed in the analyses are also discussed.

References

1.
Chen
,
S. S.
,
Price
,
J. F.
,
Zhao
,
W.
,
Donelan
,
M. A.
, and
Walsh
,
E. J.
,
2007
, “
The CBLAST-hurricane Program and the Next-Generation Fully Coupled Atmosphere-Wave-Ocean Models for Hurricane Research and Prediction
,”
Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.
,
88
(
1
), pp.
311
374
.
2.
Chen
,
S. S.
,
Zhao
,
W.
,
Donelan
,
M. A.
, and
Tolman
,
H.
,
2012
, “
Directional Wind-Wave Coupling in Fully Coupled Atmosphere-Wave-Ocean Models: Results From CBLAST-Hurricane
,”
J. Atmos. Sci.
,
70
(
10
), pp.
3198
3215
.
3.
Curcic
,
M.
,
Kim
,
E.
,
Manuel
,
L.
,
Chen
,
S.
,
Donelan
,
M.
, and
Michalakes
,
J.
,
2013
, “
Coupled Atmosphere-Wave-Ocean Modeling to Characterize Hurricane Load Cases for Offshore Wind Turbines
,”
51st AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition
,
Grapevine, TX
,
January
.
4.
Kim
,
E.
,
Manuel
,
L.
,
Curcic
,
M.
,
Chen
,
S. S.
,
Phillips
,
C.
, and
Veers
,
P.
,
2016
, “
On the Use of Coupled Wind, Wave, and Current Fields in the Simulation of Loads on Bottom-Supported Offshore Wind Turbines During Hurricanes
,”
National Renewable Energy Laboratory
,
Golden, CO
, Technical Report, Report No. NREL/TP-5000-65283.
5.
Kim
,
E.
, and
Manuel
,
L.
,
2019
, “
Simulation of Wind, Waves, and Currents During Hurricane Sandy for Planned Assessment of Offshore Wind Turbines
,”
ASME J. Offshore Mech. Arct. Eng.
,
141
(
6
), p.
061904
.
6.
Sharma
,
R.
,
Hensel
,
J.
,
Baxter
,
C.
, and
Hu
,
S.-H. J.
,
2010
, “
Development of a Technology Type Factor for Jacket Structures for Offshore Wind Turbines in Rhode Island
, Technical Report for the Rhode Island Ocean Special Area Management Plan, Technical Report, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI, Technical Report No. 18.
7.
Abaqus
,
2013
, “
Abaqus Analysis Users Manual
,
Dassault Systemes
, Technical Report, Vol. 6.13, Dassault Systemes, Providence, RI.
8.
Jonkman
,
J. M.
,
Butterfield
,
S.
,
Musial
,
W.
, and
Scott
,
G.
,
2009
, “
Definition of a 5-MW Reference Wind Turbine for Offshore System Development
,”
National Renewable Energy Laboratory
,
Golden, CO
, Technical Report, Report No. NREL/TP-500-38060.
9.
Vorpahl
,
F.
,
Popko
,
W.
, and
Kaufer
,
D.
,
2011
, “
Description of a Basic Model of the Upwind Reference Jacket for Code Comparison in the OC4 Project Under IEA Wind Annex 30
,”
Institute for Wind Energy and Energy System Technology IWES
,
Bremerhaven
, Technical Report.
10.
Vemula
,
N.
,
DeVries
,
W.
,
Fischer
,
T.
,
Cordle
,
A.
, and
Schmidt
,
B.
,
2010
, “
Design Solution for the UpWind Reference Offshore Spport Structure
,”
Fraunhofer Institute for Wind Energy and Energy System Technology (IWES)
,
Germany
, Technical Report, Report No. UpWind WP4 D4.2.5.
11.
Popko
,
W.
,
Vorpahl
,
F.
,
Zuga
,
A.
,
Kohlmeier
,
M.
,
Jonkman
,
J.
, and
Robertson
,
A. e. a.
,
2012
, “
Offshore Code Comparison Collaboration Continuation (OC4), Phase I—Results of Coupled Simulations of an Offshore Wind Turbine With Jacket Support Structure
,”
The 22nd International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference (ISOPE)
,
Rhodes, Greece
,
June
.
12.
Song
,
H.
,
Damiani
,
R.
,
Robertson
,
A.
, and
Jonkman
,
J.
,
2013
, “
A New Structural-Dynamics Module for Offshore Multimember Substructures Within the Wind Turbine Computer-Aided Engineering Tool FAST
,”
The 23rd International Offshore and Polar Engineering conference (ISOPE)
,
Anchorage, AK
,
July
.
13.
American Petroleum Institute (API)
,
2007
, “
API RP 2A-WSD: Recommended Practice for Planning Designing and Constructing Fixed Offshore Structures—Working Stress Design
,” API Publishing Services, Washington, DC.
14.
Manwell
,
J.
,
McGowan
,
J.
, and
Rogers
,
A
,
2002
,
Wind Energy Explained: Theory, Design and Application
, 2nd ed.,
Wiley and Sons
,
West Sussex
.
15.
Matlock
,
H.
,
1970
, “
Correlations for Design of Laterally Loaded Piles in Soft Clay
,”
Proceedings of the Offshore Technology Conference
,
Houston, TX
,
April
.
16.
Melchers
,
R. E.
,
1999
,
Structural Reliability Analysis and Prediction
,
Wiley and Sons
,
New York
.
17.
Agarwal
,
P.
, and
Manuel
,
L.
,
2011
, “
Incorporating Irregular Nonlinear Waves in Coupled Simulation and Reliability Studies of Offshore Wind Turbines
,”
Appl. Ocean. Res.
,
33
(
3
), pp.
215
227
.
18.
Chassignet
,
E. P.
,
Hurlburt
,
H. E.
,
Smedstad
,
O. M.
,
Halliwell
,
G. R.
,
Hogan
,
P. J.
,
Wallcraft
,
A. J.
,
Baraille
,
R.
, and
Bleck
,
R.
,
2007
, “
The HYCOM (HYbrid Coordinate Ocean Model) Data Assimilative System
,”
J. Marine Syst.
,
65
(
1
), pp.
60
83
. Marine Environmental Monitoring and Prediction.
19.
Spencer
,
L. J.
,
DiMarco
,
S. F.
,
Wang
,
Z.
,
Kuehl
,
J. J.
, and
Brooks
,
D. A.
,
2016
, “
Asymmetric Oceanic Response to a Hurricane: Deep Water Observations During Hurricane Isaac
,”
J. Geophys. Res. Oceans.
,
121
(
10
), pp.
7619
7649
.
You do not currently have access to this content.