The weight of a chain mooring line in deep water is the main source of mooring line tension. Chain weight also induces a vertical force on the moored vessel. To achieve the desired tension without excessive weight, hybrid mooring lines, such as lighter synthetic fiber ropes with chains, have been proposed. In this paper, the University of Michigan methodology for design of mooring systems is developed to study hybrid line mooring. The effects of hybrid lines on the slow-motion nonlinear dynamics of spread mooring systems (SMS) are revealed. Stability analysis and bifurcation theory are used to determine the changes in SMS dynamics in deep water based on pretension and angle of inclination of the mooring lines for different water depths and synthetic rope materials. Catastrophe sets in two-dimensional parametric design spaces are developed from bifurcation boundaries, which delineate regions of qualitatively different dynamics. Stability analysis defines the morphogeneses occurring as bifurcation boundaries are crossed. The mathematical model of the moored vessel consists of the horizontal plane—surge, sway, and yaw—fifth-order, large drift angle, low-speed maneuvering equations. Mooring lines are modeled quasistatically as nonlinear elastic strings for synthetic ropes and as catenaries for chains, and include nonlinear drag and touchdown. Excitation consists of steady current, wind, and mean wave drift. Numerical applications are limited to steady current, which is adequate for revealing the SMS design depending on the selected parameters. [S0892-7219(00)00804-9]
Dynamics of Spread Mooring Systems With Hybrid Mooring Lines
Contributed by the OMAE Division and presented at the 19th International Symposium and Exhibit on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, New Orleans, Louisiana, February 14–17, 2000 of THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS. Manuscript received by the OMAE Division, April 21, 2000; revised manuscript received July 19, 2000. Associate Technical Editor: T. E. Riggs.
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Garza-Rios, L. O., Bernitsas, M. M., Nishimoto , K., and Matsuura, J. P. J. (July 19, 2000). "Dynamics of Spread Mooring Systems With Hybrid Mooring Lines ." ASME. J. Offshore Mech. Arct. Eng. November 2000; 122(4): 274–281. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1315591
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