During the last 15 years, parallel mechanisms (robots) have become more and more popular among the robotics and mechanism community. Research done in this field revealed the significant advantage of these mechanisms for several specific tasks, such as those that require high rigidity, low inertia of the mechanism, and/or high accuracy. Consequently, parallel mechanisms have been widely investigated in the last few years. There are tens of proposed structures for parallel mechanisms, with some capable of six degrees of freedom and some less (normally three degrees of freedom). One of the major drawbacks of parallel mechanisms is their relatively limited workspace and their behavior near or at singular configurations. In this paper, we analyze the kinematics of a new architecture for a six degrees of freedom parallel mechanism composed of three identical kinematic limbs: revolute-revolute-revolute-spherical. We solve the inverse and show the forward kinematics of the mechanism and then use the screw theory to develop the Jacobian matrix of the manipulator. We demonstrate how to use screw and line geometry tools for the singularity analysis of the mechanism. Both Jacobian matrices developed by using screw theory and static equilibrium equations are similar. Forward and inverse kinematic solutions are given and solved, and the singularity map of the mechanism was generated. We then demonstrate and analyze three representative singular configurations of the mechanism. Finally, we generate the singularity-free workspace of the mechanism.
Singularity Analysis of Large Workspace 3RRRS Parallel Mechanism Using Line Geometry and Linear Complex Approximation
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Wolf, A., and Glozman, D. (November 30, 2010). "Singularity Analysis of Large Workspace 3RRRS Parallel Mechanism Using Line Geometry and Linear Complex Approximation." ASME. J. Mechanisms Robotics. February 2011; 3(1): 011004. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4002815
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