This paper focuses on the synthesis of an independent suspension that can guide the wheel to track a straight line when moving up (jounce) and down (rebound). With displacement subgroups, it first synthesizes a rigid body guidance mechanism and verifies the result through screw theory. To simplify and optimize the loads of each kinematic chain of the knuckle, it investigates the static equations and ultimately synthesizes a symmetric redundant-constraint suspension structure, which could not only eliminate the shambling shocks induced by the jumping of wheels but also decrease the abrasion of tires. Theoretically, only one pair of noncoplanar kinematic chains is necessary to realize straight line guidance. However, a second pair of noncoplanar kinematic chains is particularly utilized to improve the load status of the links. Because of the redundant constraints induced by the suspension structures, the whole weight can be significantly reduced compared with the initial one. ADAMS simulations with a set of real parameters indicate that the rear suspension mechanism proposed in this paper can guide the wheel to follow a rectilinear locus during jounce and rebound. Therefore, this kind of independent suspension can improve the ride and handling properties of advanced vehicles.
Synthesis of a Rear Wheel Suspension Mechanism With Pure Rectilinear Motion
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Zhao, J., Chu, F., Feng, Z., and Zhao, S. (September 16, 2009). "Synthesis of a Rear Wheel Suspension Mechanism With Pure Rectilinear Motion." ASME. J. Mech. Des. October 2009; 131(10): 101007. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3179153
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