In this paper, two complementary methods are introduced to analyze the sensitivity of a three-degree-of-freedom (3-DOF) translational parallel kinematic machine (PKM) with orthogonal linear joints: the Orthoglide. Although these methods are applied to a particular PKM, they can be readily applied to 3-DOF Delta-Linear PKM such as ones with their linear joints parallel instead of orthogonal. On the one hand, a linkage kinematic analysis method is proposed to have a rough idea of the influence of the length variations of the manipulator on the location of its end-effector. On the other hand, a differential vector method is used to study the influence of the length and angular variations in the parts of the manipulator on the position and orientation of its end-effector. Besides, this method takes into account the variations in the parallelograms. It turns out that variations in the design parameters of the same type from one leg to another have the same effect on the position of the end-effector. Moreover, the sensitivity of its pose to geometric variations is a minimum in the kinematic isotropic configuration of the manipulator. On the contrary, this sensitivity approaches its maximum close to the kinematic singular configurations of the manipulator.
Sensitivity Analysis of the Orthoglide: A Three-DOF Translational Parallel Kinematic Machine
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Caro, S., Wenger, P., Bennis, F., and Chablat, D. (June 8, 2005). "Sensitivity Analysis of the Orthoglide: A Three-DOF Translational Parallel Kinematic Machine." ASME. J. Mech. Des. March 2006; 128(2): 392–402. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2166852
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