A generalized threshold function for viscoplastic materials, which can also serve as a yield function in rate-independent plasticity, is suggested for materials that exhibit a strength differential and/or a permanent volume change. The motivation for this type of a threshold function is that experiments, at both 25 and 650°C, on the nickel-based alloy Inconel 718 indicate that higher stresses occur in compression than in tension. Similar results have been obtained for martensitic steels and other metallic alloys at 25°C. A general approach for determining the inelastic flow dependence on each of the three stress invariants and is to follow stress paths where only one invariant is changing. Two classical experiments that do this are hydrostatic pressure and pure torsion, however many others are possible. Unfortunately, these stress paths generally require three-dimensional stress states, which are difficult to obtain in the laboratory. Thus, for experimental expediency, tests involving axial-torsional loading of thin-walled tubes can be used to determine the significance of the first and third stress invariants, and respectively. [S0094-4289(00)01303-7]
Inelastic Anisotropy of Inconel 718: Experiments and Mathematical Representation
Contributed by the Materials Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received by the Materials Division November 2, 1999; revised manuscript received March 15, 2000. Guest Editors: Raj Mohan and Rishi Raj.
Iyer , S. K., and Lissenden, C. J. (March 15, 2000). "Inelastic Anisotropy of Inconel 718: Experiments and Mathematical Representation ." ASME. J. Eng. Mater. Technol. July 2000; 122(3): 321–326. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.482804
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