This paper addresses the modeling and prediction of the normal holding force in an electromagnetic chuck used in precision machining applications. Knowledge of the normal holding force is necessary to determine if a given chuck is capable of preventing workpiece slip during machining. First, an analytic model termed the magnetic circuit model was developed and compared with experimental holding force data. It was found that this model, although simple in form, was limited in its ability to accurately predict the holding force over the entire range of conditions investigated. The discrepancies in the model were attributed to its inability to accurately model the leakage flux and nonuniform distribution of the magnetic flux. A three-dimensional finite element model was then developed to overcome these limitations. Predictions with this model were found to be in better agreement with experiments, yielding prediction errors within 25 percent in most cases. The finite element model also provided an explanation for the observed decrease in the measured holding force at current values beyond a certain threshold. [S1087-1357(00)01503-3]
Modeling of the Holding Force in an Electromagnetic Chuck
Contributed by the Manufacturing Engineering Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF MANUFACTURING SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING. Manuscript received May 1999; revised Nov. 1999. Associate Technical Editor: Y. M. Wang.
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Felix, A., Melkote, S. N., and Matsumoto, Y. (November 1, 1999). "Modeling of the Holding Force in an Electromagnetic Chuck ." ASME. J. Manuf. Sci. Eng. August 2000; 122(3): 569–575. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1286259
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