Moisture desorption observations from two bentonite clay mats subjected to ten environmental zones with individually different combinations of laboratory-controlled constant temperatures (between 20 °C and 40 °C) and relative humidity (between 15% and 70%) are presented. These laboratory observations are compared with predictions from mathematical models, such as thin-layer drying equations and kinetic drying models proposed by Page, Wang and Singh, and Henderson and Pabis. The quality of fit of these models is assessed using standard error (SE) of estimate, relative percent of error, and coefficient of correlation. The Page model was found to better predict the drying kinetics of the bentonite clay mats for the simulated tropical climates. Critical study on the drying constant and moisture diffusion coefficient helps to assess the efficacy of a polymer to retain moisture and control desorption through water molecule bonding. This is further substantiated with the Guggenheim–Anderson–De Boer (GAB) desorption isotherm model which is presented.
Moisture Desorption Studies on Polymer Hydrated and Vacuum Extruded Bentonite Clay Mat
Contributed by the Heat Transfer Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF HEAT TRANSFER. Manuscript received September 28, 2015; final manuscript received July 5, 2016; published online August 9, 2016. Assoc. Editor: Amy Fleischer.
Loh, E. W. K., Wijeyesekera, D. C., and Ciupala, M. A. (August 9, 2016). "Moisture Desorption Studies on Polymer Hydrated and Vacuum Extruded Bentonite Clay Mat." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. December 2016; 138(12): 124502. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4034150
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