The problem of condensation of water vapor from humid air flowing in a duct in turbulent flow is formulated theoretically. Vapor condensing at the dew-point temperature of the vapor-air mixture diffuses to the wall of the duct through an air film. The flow of the condensate is laminar. The condensing vapor releases both convection and latent heats to the wall of the duct. Thus, it is treated as a combined heat and mass transfer problem. The mass, momentum, and energy balance equations for the vapor-air mixture flowing in the duct and the diffusion equation for the vapor species are considered. , the temperature at gas-to-liquid interface, at which condensation takes place, is estimated with the help of the heat balance and mass balance equations at interface. The local and average values of the condensation Nusselt number, condensate Reynolds number, gas-liquid interface temperature, and pressure drop are estimated from the numerical results for different values of the system parameters, such as relative humidity and temperature of air at inlet, gas phase Reynolds number, and total pressure at inlet. The gas phase convection Nusselt and Sherwood numbers are also computed. A comparison of the present work with experimental data, for the case of in-tube condensation of vapor from humid air, shows satisfactory agreement.
A Theoretical Study on Convective Condensation of Water Vapor From Humid Air in Turbulent Flow in a Vertical Duct
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Dharma Rao, V., Murali Krishna, V., Sharma, K. V., and Sarma, P. K. (April 1, 2007). "A Theoretical Study on Convective Condensation of Water Vapor From Humid Air in Turbulent Flow in a Vertical Duct." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. December 2007; 129(12): 1627–1637. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2767678
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