Thermal analysis of laser densification of a dental porcelain powder bed has been investigated using a three-dimensional thermal finite element model, which encompasses (i) the incoming laser beam power with a Gaussian distribution, (ii) optical pyrometer simulation in addition to the closed-loop temperature control, (iii) powder-to-solid transition, (iv) temperature-dependent thermal convection, and (v) temperature and porosity-dependent thermal conduction and radiation. The simulation results are compared with the experiments. It is found that the predicted temperature distribution in the porcelain body matches the experiments very well. Further, the maximum discrepancy between experimental and simulated pyrometer temperatures is less than 8 percent. The simulation predicts that in order to achieve the desired microstructure of a dense dental porcelain body, the maximum local temperature during laser densification should be below 1573 K or the nominal surface temperature should be below 1273 K. Otherwise, the undesired microstructure (i.e., a leucite-free glass phase) forms.
Thermal Analysis of Laser-Densified Dental Porcelain Bodies: Modeling and Experiments
Contributed by the Heat Transfer Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF HEAT TRANSFER. Manuscript received by the Heat Transfer Division September 23, 2003; revision received June 30, 2004. Associate Editor: C. Amon.
Dai , K., Li , X., and Shaw, L. (November 16, 2004). "Thermal Analysis of Laser-Densified Dental Porcelain Bodies: Modeling and Experiments ." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. October 2004; 126(5): 818–825. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1795812
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