An experimental study on mist/steam cooling in a highly heated, horizontal 180-deg tube bend has been performed. The mist/steam mixture is obtained by blending fine water droplets (3∼15 microns) with the saturated steam at 1.5 bar. The test section consists of a thin wall (∼0.9 mm), welded, circular, stainless steel 180-deg tube (20-mm inside diameter) with a straight section downstream of the curved section, and is heated directly by a DC power supply. The experiment was conducted with steam Reynolds numbers ranging from 10,000 to 35,000, wall superheat up to 300°C, and droplet to steam mass ratio at about 1∼2 percent. The results show that the heat transfer performance of steam can be significantly improved by adding mist into the main flow. The highest enhancement occurs at a location about 45-deg downstream of the inlet of the test section. Generally, only a small number of droplets can survive the 180-deg turn and be present in the downstream straight section, as observed by a phase Doppler particle analyzer (PDPA) system. The overall cooling enhancement of the mist/steam flow ranges from 40 percent to 300 percent. It increases as the main steam flow increases, but decreases as the wall heat flux increases. [S0022-1481(00)02003-X]
Mist/Steam Cooling in a 180-Degree Tube Bend
Contributed by the Heat Transfer Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF HEAT TRANSFER. Manuscript received by the Heat Transfer Division, Aug. 4, 1999; revision received, Jan. 28, 2000. Associate Technical Editor: T. Avedisian.
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Guo, T., Wang, T., and Gaddis, J. L. (January 28, 2000). "Mist/Steam Cooling in a 180-Degree Tube Bend ." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. November 2000; 122(4): 749–756. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1287794
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