Experiments are conducted to study the heat transfer and pressure drop characteristics in a triangular duct cooled by an array of tangential jets, simulating the leading-edge cooling circuit of a turbine blade. Coolant ejected from a high-pressure plenum through an array of orifices is aimed at the leading-edge apex and exits from the radial outlets. Three different outflow orientations, namely coincident with the entry flow, opposed to the entry flow, and both, are tested for various Reynolds numbers A transient liquid crystal technique is used to measure the detailed heat transfer coefficients on two walls forming the leading-edge apex. Flow rate across each jet hole and the crossflow development, which are closely related to the local heat transfer characteristics, are also measured. Results show that increasing Re increases the heat transfer on both walls. The outflow orientation affects significantly the local heat transfer characteristics through influencing the jet flow together with the crossflow in the triangular duct. The triangular duct with two openings is recommended since it has the highest wall-averaged heat transfer and the moderate loss coefficient among the three outflow orientations investigated. Correlations for wall-averaged Nusselt number and loss coefficient in the triangular duct have been developed by considering the Reynolds number for three different outflow orientations. [S0022-1481(00)01204-4]
Effect of Outflow Orientation on Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop in a Triangular Duct With an Array of Tangential Jets
Contributed by the Heat Transfer Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF HEAT TRANSFER. Manuscript received by the Heat Transfer Division, Nov. 8, 1999; revision received, May 5, 2000. Associate Technical Editor: J.-C. Han.
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Hwang, J., and Chang, B. (May 5, 2000). "Effect of Outflow Orientation on Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop in a Triangular Duct With an Array of Tangential Jets ." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. November 2000; 122(4): 669–678. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1318216
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