This paper describes a large eddy simulation (LES) conducted for a nonadiabatic rotating cavity with a radial inflow introduced from the shroud. The dimensionless mass flowrate of the radial inflow is Cw = 3500 and the rotational Reynolds number, based on the cavity outer radius, is equal to . The time-averaged local Nusselt number on the heated wall is compared with the experimental data available from the literature, and with those derived from the solution of two unsteady Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes (URANS) eddy viscosity models, namely, the Spalart–Allmaras and the shear stress transport (SST) model. It is shown that the Nusselt number is underpredicted in the lower part of the disk and overpredicted in the outer region by both URANS models, whereas the LES provides a much better agreement with the measurements. The behavior results primarily from a different flow structure in the source region, which, in the LES, is found to be considerably more extended and show localized buoyancy phenomena that the URANS models investigated do not capture.