The time-dependent relative entropy field at the impeller exit of a centrifugal compressor is measured. This study is part of a broader effort to develop comprehensive measurement techniques that can be applied in the harsh environment of turbomachines. A miniature unsteady entropy probe (diameter of 1.8 mm) is designed and constructed in the present study. The unsteady entropy probe has two components: a one-sensor fast-response aerodynamic probe and a pair of thin-film gauges. The time-dependent total pressure and total temperature are measured from the fast-response aerodynamic probe and pair of thin-film gauges, respectively. The time-dependent relative entropy derived from these two measurements has a bandwidth of 40 kHz and an uncertainty of ±2 J/kg. The measurements show that for operating Condition A, =0.059 and =0.478, the impeller exit flowfield is highly three dimensional. Adjacent to the shroud there are high levels of relative entropy and at the midspan there are low and moderate levels. Independent measurements made with a two-sensor aerodynamic probe show that the high velocity of the flow relative to the casing is responsible for the high relative entropy levels at the shroud. On the other hand, at the midspan, a loss free, jet flow region and a channel wake flow of moderate mixing characterize the flowfield. At both the shroud and midspan, there are strong circumferential variations in the relative entropy. These circumferential variations are much reduced when the centrifugal compressor is operated at operating Condition B, =0.0365 and =0.54, near the onset of stall. In this condition, the impeller exit flowfield is less highly skewed; however, the time-averaged relative entropy is higher than at the operating Condition A. The relative entropy measurements with the unsteady entropy probe are thus complementary to other measurements, and more clearly document the losses in the centrifugal compressor.
Unsteady Entropy Measurements in a High-Speed Radial Compressor
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Mansour, M., Chokani, N., Kalfas, A. I., and Abhari, R. S. (January 22, 2008). "Unsteady Entropy Measurements in a High-Speed Radial Compressor." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. March 2008; 130(2): 021603. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2799525
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