We recently discovered that bubble formation can be substantially prevented when an aqueous solution is sprayed into a bath of the same solution provided that any two consecutive drops impacting the same surface location do so with a time interval greater than the capillary relaxation time. Building on this observation, here we report a mechanical means of preventing foam formation during liquid addition: the nozzle delivering the liquid is rotated sufficiently rapidly so that no two successive drops impact the interface at the same location. Foam formation is reduced by as much as 95% without any chemical anti-foaming agents.
Mechanical Inhibition of Foam Formation via a Rotating Nozzle
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Bick, A. G., Ristenpart, W. D., van Nierop, E. A., and Stone, H. A. (May 12, 2011). "Mechanical Inhibition of Foam Formation via a Rotating Nozzle." ASME. J. Fluids Eng. April 2011; 133(4): 044503. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4003987
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