Measurements of pressure losses in a U-type undulated hydraulically smooth wall pipe, having constant radius curvature, are presented. The effect of the dimensionless curvature radius on the Darcy friction factor was investigated in the range of the Reynolds number from about 50 to 10,000 and for the dimensionless pipe curvature radiuses 7.95, 11.13, 16.03, 22.58, and 27.85. A smooth transition from laminar to turbulent region in the friction factor versus Reynolds number plot, typical for curved pipe flows, was observed. The experimental data were correlated with the relatively simple equation using new Dean number which is not valid for larger values of and e.g., for at and for at The new Dean number, below which the influence of the pipe curvature in comparison to the straight tube was not seen, is [S0098-2202(00)02802-9]
Friction Factor in U-Type Undulated Pipe Flow
Contributed by the Fluids Engineering Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF FLUIDS ENGINEERING. Manuscript received by the Fluids Engineering Division June 2, 1999; revised manuscript received February 7, 2000. Associate Technical Editor: M. R. Hajj.
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Popiel, C. O., and Wojtkowiak , J. (February 7, 2000). "Friction Factor in U-Type Undulated Pipe Flow ." ASME. J. Fluids Eng. June 2000; 122(2): 260–263. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.483253
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