A new microemulsion additive has been developed that is effective in remediating damaged wells and is highly effective in fluid recovery and relative permeability enhancement when applied in drilling and stimulation treatments at dilute concentrations. The microemulsion is a unique blend of biodegradable solvent, surfactant, co-solvent and water. The nanometer-sized structures are modeled after Veronoi structures which when dispersed in the base treating fluid of water or oil permit a greater ease of entry into a damaged area of the reservoir or fracture system. The structures maximize surface energy interaction by expanding to twelve times their individual surface areas to allow maximum contact efficiency at low concentrations (0.1–0.5%). Higher loadings on the order of 2% can be applied in the removal of water blocks and polymer damage. Lab data are shown for the microemulsion in speeding the cleanup of injected fluids in tight gas cores. Further tests show that the microemulsion additive results in lower pressures to displace frac fluids from propped fractures resulting in lower damage and higher production rates. This reduced pressure is also evident in pumping operations where friction is lowered by 10–15% when the microemulsion is added to fracturing fluids. Field examples are shown for remediation and fracture treating of coals, shales and sandstone reservoirs, where productivity is increased by 20–50% depending on the treatment parameters. Drilling examples are shown in horizontal drilling where wells cleanup without the aid of workover rigs where offsets typically require weeks of workover.
Microemulsion Additives Enable Optimized Formation Damage Repair and Prevention
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Penny, G., Pursley, J. T., and Holcomb, D. (April 24, 2005). "Microemulsion Additives Enable Optimized Formation Damage Repair and Prevention." ASME. J. Energy Resour. Technol. September 2005; 127(3): 233–239. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1937419
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