Offshore production terminals and deepwater risers are seeing increasing use by the offshore oil industry. The structural design of these units presents a unique challenge compared to other offshore systems. Development of design loading conditions and fatigue histories is especially interesting due to the complex interaction of nonlinear riser and vessel dynamics, the statistical nature of maximum loads and the need to consider directionality as well as the magnitude of environmental loading. This paper presents a complete procedure for predicting design loads and fatigue histories for production risers and offshore terminals. The emphasis will be on systems wherein a dedicated vessel is connected to the riser by a rigid mooring arm. A number of structural design configurations will be surveyed. Techniques for preliminary sizing, dynamic analysis, model testing and fatigue analysis will be discussed. The application of this procedure to several specific design cases will be summarized.
Structural Design of Production Risers and Offshore Production Terminals
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Wolfram, W. R., Jr., and Gunderson, R. H. (June 1, 1980). "Structural Design of Production Risers and Offshore Production Terminals." ASME. J. Energy Resour. Technol. June 1980; 102(2): 106–111. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3227850
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