Pipeline Transportation of Carbon Dioxide Containing Impurities
2 Carbon Capture, Transport and Storage — A Background
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As indicated in Chapter 1, carbon capture and storage (CCS) involves capturing CO2 mainly from fossil fuel power plants (or other large stationary industrial sources), compressing and then transporting it via pipelines or ships and finally storing it underground in a geological site, such as saline aquifers or depleted oil and gas fields or alternately using it for enhanced oil recovery (EOR), enhanced gas recovery (EGR) or enhanced coal bed methane (ECBM). The CCS techniques were pictorially depicted and descriptively summarized in Chapter 1. The chapter also depicted the role of pipelines in the CCS; however, an overview of the...