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Keywords: bone
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Journal Articles
Article Type: Research-Article
J Biomech Eng. December 2020, 142(12): 121014.
Paper No: BIO-20-1129
Published Online: October 28, 2020
.... The biomechanical properties of bone tissue located around the implant need to be assessed to better understand the osseointegration phenomena and anticipate implant failure. The aim of this study was to explore the spatiotemporal variation of the microscopic elastic properties of newly formed bone tissue close...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Technical Briefs
J Biomech Eng. September 2020, 142(9): 094501.
Paper No: BIO-18-1526
Published Online: May 13, 2020
...N. K. Sharma; Swati Sharma; Apoorv Rathi; Abhinav Kumar; Karan Vir Saini; M. D. Sarker; Saman Naghieh; Liqun Ning; Xiongbiao Chen Bone being a hierarchical composite material has a structure varying from macro- to nanoscale. The arrangement of the components of bone material and the bonding between...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research-Article
J Biomech Eng. December 2019, 141(12): 121008.
Paper No: BIO-19-1240
Published Online: November 6, 2019
...Nicholas J. Hanne; Andrew J. Steward; Marci R. Sessions; Hannah L. Thornburg; Huaxin Sheng; Jacqueline H. Cole Ischemic stroke induces rapid loss in bone mineral density that is up to 13 times greater than during normal aging, leading to a markedly increased risk of fracture. Little is known about...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research-Article
J Biomech Eng. September 2019, 141(9): 091008.
Paper No: BIO-19-1087
Published Online: August 2, 2019
...) assessment of bone microstructure by scanning fixed regions of the distal radius and tibia. However, how microstructural parameters and mechanical analysis based on these segment scans correlate to whole distal radius and tibia mechanics are not well-characterized. On 26 sets of cadaveric radius and tibia...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research-Article
J Biomech Eng. April 2019, 141(4): 041002.
Paper No: BIO-18-1259
Published Online: February 13, 2019
... approach along with periodic boundary conditions has been used to derive the effective elastic moduli of bone's nanostructure at two hierarchical length scales, namely: microfibril (MF) and MCF. The uncertainties associated with the mineral plates have been directly included in the finite element mesh...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research-Article
J Biomech Eng. February 2014, 136(2): 021019.
Paper No: BIO-13-1362
Published Online: February 5, 2014
... manuscript received November 27, 2013; accepted manuscript posted December 9, 2013; published online February 5, 2014. Editor: Victor H. Barocas. 13 08 2013 27 11 2013 09 12 2013 During orthopaedic surgery elevated temperatures due to cutting can result in bone injury, contributing...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research-Article
J Biomech Eng. February 2014, 136(2): 021020.
Paper No: BIO-13-1408
Published Online: February 5, 2014
... are difficult to translate to the human condition due to major anatomic and physiologic differences between the two species such as bone microarchitecture and healing rates. The use of translatable ovine models to investigate orthopedic-related conditions has become increasingly popular due to similarities...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research-Article
J Biomech Eng. October 2013, 135(10): 101007.
Paper No: BIO-12-1575
Published Online: September 20, 2013
... for the trabecular bone [ 26 ]. Each of the blocks was segmented using a global threshold value of 15% of the maximum gray value on a 16-bit scale (0.15 × 2 15  = 4915) and filtered using a Gaussian filter ( σ  = 0.8, and support = 1) (IPL, Scanco Medical, Brüttisellen, Switzerland). The global threshold value...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research-Article
J Biomech Eng. January 2013, 135(1): 011006.
Paper No: BIO-12-1158
Published Online: December 27, 2012
..., 2012; published online December 27, 2012. Assoc. Editor: Richard Neptune. 25 04 2012 21 10 2012 28 11 2012 Little work has been done on the localization of microcracks in bone using acoustic emission. Microcrack localization is useful to study the fracture process in bone...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Technical Briefs
J Biomech Eng. May 2012, 134(5): 054502.
Published Online: May 25, 2012
...-dimensional rod geometry projective geometry biomechanics bone Scoliosis is a spinal pathology characterized as a three-dimensional deformity of the spine combined with the rotation of vertebrae. Treatment for a severe deformity is achieved when the scoliotic spine is surgically corrected and fixed...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J Biomech Eng. April 2012, 134(4): 041008.
Published Online: April 27, 2012
... 27 04 2012 27 04 2012 tendon bone healing ACL in vivo cyclic strain mechanical load The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is the primary constraint to anterior translation of the tibia and acts as a secondary constraint to axial rotation. It is often injured during athletic...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J Biomech Eng. February 2012, 134(2): 021007.
Published Online: March 19, 2012
...Romain Vayron; Etienne Barthel; Vincent Mathieu; Emmanuel Soffer; Fani Anagnostou; Guillaume Haiat The characterization of the biomechanical properties of newly formed bone tissue around implants is important to understand the osseointegration process. The objective of this study is to investigate...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J Biomech Eng. December 2011, 133(12): 121001.
Published Online: December 21, 2011
...Hamidreza Alidousti; Mark Taylor; Neil W. Bressloff When there is a debonding at the bone-implant interface, the difference in stiffness between the implant and the bone can result in micromotion, allowing existing gaps to open further or new gaps to be created during physiological loading. It has...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Technical Briefs
J Biomech Eng. December 2011, 133(12): 124503.
Published Online: December 21, 2011
...Bijay Giri; Shigeru Tadano There may be different causes of failures in bone; however, their origin generally lies at the lowest level of structural hierarchy, i.e., at the mineral-collagen composite. Any change in the nanostructure affects the affinity or bonding effectiveness between and within...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J Biomech Eng. December 2011, 133(12): 121002.
Published Online: December 21, 2011
... to reconstruct 3D bone motions captured using this technology. Marker-based tracking requires at least three radio-opaque markers to be implanted in the bone of interest. Markerless tracking makes use of algorithms designed to match 3D bone shapes to biplanar videoradiography data. In order to reliably quantify...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J Biomech Eng. November 2011, 133(11): 111003.
Published Online: November 28, 2011
...Chang-Yong Ko; Dong Hyun Seo; Han Sung Kim Skeletal unloading causes bone loss in both men and women; however, only a few studies have been performed on the effects of gender differences on bone quality during skeletal unloading. Moreover, although the fibula also plays an important role in load...
Topics: Bone
Journal Articles
Article Type: Technical Briefs
J Biomech Eng. November 2011, 133(11): 114502.
Published Online: November 28, 2011
... 10 2011 27 10 2011 28 11 2011 28 11 2011 biomechanics bone regression analysis lumbar curvature ribcage and pelvis rotation seated posture Lower back pain is a condition that afflicts millions of people and costs billions of dollars yearly due to worker’s...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Technical Briefs
J Biomech Eng. November 2011, 133(11): 114503.
Published Online: November 28, 2011
...Rebecca L. Lathrop; Ajit M. W. Chaudhari; Robert A. Siston Estimating the position of the bones from optical motion capture data is a challenge associated with human movement analysis. Bone pose estimation techniques such as the Point Cluster Technique (PCT) and simulations of movement through...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Technical Briefs
J Biomech Eng. November 2011, 133(11): 114501.
Published Online: November 18, 2011
... wrist simulations would illustrate reduced cortical bone load carriage and increased stress and strain concentrations relative to the isolated radius simulations. Twenty-two female forearms that collectively represented a large range in DXA-assessed bone mineral density at the ultradistal...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J Biomech Eng. November 2011, 133(11): 111002.
Published Online: November 18, 2011
...Zhijun Wu; Sayed A. Nassar; Xianjie Yang This study investigates the effect of the pilot hole size, implant depth, synthetic bone density, and screw size on the pullout strength of the self-tapping screw using analytical, finite element, and experimental methodologies. Stress distribution...