A study of biphasic soft tissues contact is fundamental to understanding the biomechanical behavior of human diarthrodial joints. To date, biphasic-biphasic contact has been developed for idealized geometries and not been accessible for more general geometries. In this paper a finite element formulation is developed for contact of biphasic tissues. The augmented Lagrangian method is used to enforce the continuity of contact traction and fluid pressure across the contact interface, and the resulting method is implemented in the commercial software COMSOL Multiphysics. The accuracy of the implementation is verified using 2D axisymmetric problems, including indentation with a flat-ended indenter, indentation with spherical-ended indenter, and contact of glenohumeral cartilage layers. The biphasic finite element contact formulation and its implementation are shown to be robust and able to handle physiologically relevant problems.
Biphasic Finite Element Modeling of Hydrated Soft Tissue Contact Using an Augmented Lagrangian Method
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Guo, H., and Spilker, R. L. (November 17, 2011). "Biphasic Finite Element Modeling of Hydrated Soft Tissue Contact Using an Augmented Lagrangian Method." ASME. J Biomech Eng. November 2011; 133(11): 111001. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4005378
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