The time-dependent mechanical properties of the porcine esophagus were investigated experimentally and theoretically. It was hypothesized that the viscoelasticity was quasilinear, i.e., the time and strain effects were independent. In order to verify the separability of time and strain effects, the stress-relaxation test was conducted at various strains and the data were fitted with the Fung’s quasilinear viscoelastic (QLV) model. By using the material parameters obtained from the stress relaxation test, the cyclic peak stress and hysteresis were predicted. Results showed that the stress relaxed by 20–30% of the peak stress within the first and stabilized at at the time of . The relative stress relaxation (i.e., the difference of stress at a particular time to the final equilibrium stress normalized by the total difference of the peak and final stress) was not different significantly for various strains. It was also found that, by using the stress-time data during both the ramp and relaxation phases, the correlation between parameters was substantially reduced. The model could also predict the cyclic peak stress and hysteresis except for the underestimate of valley stress. We conclude that the QLV model could be used as the material characterization of the esophageal tissue.
Viscoelasticity of Esophageal Tissue and Application of a QLV Model
Yang, W., Fung, T. C., Chian, K. S., and Chong, C. K. (May 11, 2006). "Viscoelasticity of Esophageal Tissue and Application of a QLV Model." ASME. J Biomech Eng. December 2006; 128(6): 909–916. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2372473
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