Rosette strain gages indicate shear and principal strains at specific points, whereas photoelastic coatings provide shear strain information over a broad area. Information regarding bone loading and load transfer from a prosthetic implant to adjacent bone can be obtained using either strain-measuring technique on loaded femora. This study compared proximal femoral strains derived from photoelastic coatings to those obtained from rosette strain gages applied directly to the bone in order to determine the relationships between photoelastic shear strains and rosette shear and principal strains. Photoelastic shear strains underestimated rosette shear strains and exceeded the larger of the rosette principal strains. Principal strains derived from photoelastic coatings augmented with strain separator gages underestimated their rosette counterparts in most instances. Correlation was strong and nearly linear for all measures, indicating that photoelastic coatings can accurately express proportional strain changes despite imperfect agreement in absolute strain magnitudes. The best agreement between absolute strain magnitudes occurred in the proximal medial, or calcar, region. Understanding the relationships between the various measures obtained using the two strain measurement methods will allow more accurate estimates of actual strains to be made from photoelastic coatings. [S0148-0731(00)01704-0]
Validity of Photoelastic Strain Measurement on Cadaveric Proximal Femora
Contributed by the Bioengineering Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING. Manuscript received by the Bioengineering Division December 16, 1998; revised manuscript received March 22, 2000. Associate Technical Editor: T. M. Keaveny.
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Glisson, R. R., Musgrave , D. S., Graham , R. D., and Vail, T. P. (March 22, 2000). "Validity of Photoelastic Strain Measurement on Cadaveric Proximal Femora ." ASME. J Biomech Eng. August 2000; 122(4): 423–429. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1287162
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