3R12. Nonlinearity in Structural Dynamics: Detection, Identification and Modeling. - K Worden and GR Tomlinson (Univ of Sheffield, UK). Inst Phys Publ, Bristol, UK. 2001. 659 pp. ISBN 0-7503-0356-5. $130.00.
Reviewed by K Yagasaki (Dept of Mech and Syst Eng, Gifu Univ, 1-1 Yanagido, Gifu, 501-1193, Japan).
This book provides backgrounds in some techniques for analyzing nonlinear structural dynamical systems and is intended for engineers and scientists in the fields of structural dynamics and nonlinear systems. It is also suitable for postgraduate and senior undergraduate students in these disciplines as a textbook and for expert structural dynamicists as a survey. Many engineering examples are given. As for the mathematics of the reader, calculation of vectors and matrices, and basic knowledge of linear differential equations and Fourier analysis are almost sufficient.
The most enthusiastic topics in modern nonlinear dynamics are chaos and bifurcation. There have also been remarkable advances in the field of nonlinear control. However, these subjects are not treated in this book at all. Instead, it explains useful techniques, which include the frequency response functions (FRFs) and Hilbert transformations, for detection of nonlinearity and system identification (ie, estimation of the governing equations) when the systems do not exhibit very different motions, like chaos, from ones of linear systems. The techniques are especially important from a point of view of structural engineering because really nonlinear behavior like chaos is thought to be rather uncommon in the problems of that field.
The book begins by describing the relevant backgrounds including the frequency response functions (FRFs) in linear dynamics for discrete- and continuous-time systems in Chapter 1. The discussion is first given for single-degree-of-freedom (SDOF) systems and finally generalized to multi-degree-of-freedom (MDOF) systems with an outline of modal analysis. Chapter 2 gives fundamental results and classical approaches to nonlinear systems in structural dynamics. An idea of FRF distortion is also stated there. Chapter 3 discusses FRFs for nonlinear systems in detail and describes how they are used to obtain information about nonlinearity.
In Chapters 4 and 5, the Hilbert transformation, which can not only detect nonlinearity but also solve system identification problems, is explained. A mathematical exposition of the method by complex analysis is also presented. In Chapters 6 and 7, several techniques of system identification for discrete- and continuous-time equations are discussed. In Chapter 8, the concept of FRFs is generalized to higher-order FRFs with the assistance of the Volterra series. The generalization presents a method of system identification for MDOF systems. Finally, three experimental examples of a built-in beam rig, automotive shock absorber, and bilinear beam rig (the last of which is motivated from constructing a system with localized damage in the benchmark of fault detection algorithms) are given, and the techniques of the earlier chapters are applied to demonstrate their effectiveness in Chapter 9. This chapter is especially interesting for the reader from a practical point of view. A substantial set of appendices is also valuable for not only the beginners, but also ordinary researchers in the field.
In summary, this reviewer recommends Nonlinearity in Structural Dynamics: Detection, Identification and Modeling for students and researchers in structural dynamics who want to study techniques for detection of nonlinearity and system identification in realistic problems.