The Achilles tendon is the largest tendon in the human body. It connects the gastrosoleus complex to the calcaneus bone in the foot. It thus allows for transfer of force and heel elevation during forward propulsion of the foot in gait. It is also one the most commonly injured tendons. (1). Acute repair or acute intervention for non-operatively treated tendons do well to restore function. However, chronic Achilles tendon ruptures often require tendon transfer rather than attempt at primary repair. The treatment considered the gold standard is the transfer of the flexor hallucis longus (FHL) tendon to the Achilles insertion of the calcaneus (2).
- Bioengineering Division
Biomechanical Cadaveric Analysis of Biotenodesis Screw Versus Bone Tunnel Fixation Methods in Flexor Hallucis Longus Transfers
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Balldin, BC, Zide, JR, Liu, GT, & Chen, CT. "Biomechanical Cadaveric Analysis of Biotenodesis Screw Versus Bone Tunnel Fixation Methods in Flexor Hallucis Longus Transfers." Proceedings of the ASME 2013 Summer Bioengineering Conference. Volume 1B: Extremity; Fluid Mechanics; Gait; Growth, Remodeling, and Repair; Heart Valves; Injury Biomechanics; Mechanotransduction and Sub-Cellular Biophysics; MultiScale Biotransport; Muscle, Tendon and Ligament; Musculoskeletal Devices; Multiscale Mechanics; Thermal Medicine; Ocular Biomechanics; Pediatric Hemodynamics; Pericellular Phenomena; Tissue Mechanics; Biotransport Design and Devices; Spine; Stent Device Hemodynamics; Vascular Solid Mechanics; Student Paper and Design Competitions. Sunriver, Oregon, USA. June 26–29, 2013. V01BT55A027. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/SBC2013-14729
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