The glenohumeral joint is frequently dislocated causing injury to the glenohumeral capsule (axillary pouch (AP), anterior band of the inferior glenohumeral ligament (AB-IGHL), posterior band of the inferior glenohumeral ligament (PB-IGHL), posterior (Post), and anterosuperior region (AS)). [1, 2] The capsule is a passive stabilizer to the glenohumeral joint and primarily functions to resist dislocation during extreme ranges of motion. [3] When unloaded, the capsule consists of randomly oriented collagen fibers, which play a pertinent role in its function to resist loading in multiple directions. [4] The location of failure in only the axillary pouch has been shown to correspond with the highest degree of collagen fiber orientation and maximum principle strain just prior to failure. [4, 5] However, several discrepancies were found when comparing the collagen fiber alignment between the AB-IGHL, AP, and PB-IGHL. [3,6,7] Therefore, the objective was to determine the collagen fiber alignment and maximum principal strain in five regions of the capsule during uniaxial extension to failure and to determine if these parameters could predict the location of tissue failure. Since the capsule functions as a continuous sheet, we hypothesized that maximum principal strain and peak collagen fiber alignment would correspond with the location of tissue failure in all regions of the glenohumeral capsule.

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