The Mitral Valve (MV) is the left atrioventricular valve that controls blood flow between the left atrium and the left ventricle (Fig 1A-B). It has four main components: (i) the mitral annulus – a fibromuscular ring at the base of the left atrium and the ventricle; (ii) two collagenous planar leaflets – anterior and posterior; (iii) web of chordae tendineae – classified into primary (inserting at the free edge of the leaflet), secondary (inserting into the base of the leaflet), tertiary (inserting into the annulus); and (iv) two papillary muscles that are part of the left ventricle. Normal function of the mitral valve involves a delicate force balance between different components of the valve.
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Impact of Secondary Chordal Cutting on Mitral Valve Closure and Chordal Force Distribution in an Ischemic Dilated Ventricle: Engineering Insight and Clinical Implications
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Padala, M, Gyoneva, LI, & Yoganathan, AP. "Impact of Secondary Chordal Cutting on Mitral Valve Closure and Chordal Force Distribution in an Ischemic Dilated Ventricle: Engineering Insight and Clinical Implications." Proceedings of the ASME 2009 Summer Bioengineering Conference. ASME 2009 Summer Bioengineering Conference, Parts A and B. Lake Tahoe, California, USA. June 17–21, 2009. pp. 73-74. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/SBC2009-206564
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