Much attention has been given to the motions of and the forces and moments exerted upon the cervical spine during rear-end collisions, often in the interest of understanding so-called whiplash injuries in low-speed collisions and serious or fatal neck injuries in higher speed collisions. In contrast, lumbar spine loads are seldom recorded in rear-end collisions. For example, it has become common to place instrumented anthropomorphic test devices (ATDs) in vehicles during FMVSS 301 Fuel System Integrity rear-end impacts. Since the mid-1990s, upper neck loads have been measured during these tests, and, more recently, lower neck load data have been collected as well . Lumbar spine loads, in contrast, are generally not recorded .
- Bioengineering Division
Lumbar Spine Loads in Low- and Moderate-Speed Rear-End Collisions
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Fisher, JL, Bove, RT, & Moore, TLA. "Lumbar Spine Loads in Low- and Moderate-Speed Rear-End Collisions." Proceedings of the ASME 2008 Summer Bioengineering Conference. ASME 2008 Summer Bioengineering Conference, Parts A and B. Marco Island, Florida, USA. June 25–29, 2008. pp. 467-468. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/SBC2008-192820
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