Hemodynamic factors are thought to play an important role in the initiation, growth, and rupture of cerebral aneurysms. In-vitro studies have demonstrated a correlation between the magnitude and distribution of wall shear stress (WSS) and biological response of both endothelial cells and smooth muscle cells [1–3]. In elastase induced saccular aneurysms, low WSS (below 0.5 Pa) was found to have a correlation with altered expression of biological markers . Localized regions of rapid aneurysm growth in-vivo have been shown to be associated with regions where WSS is below a critical value of 0.1 Pa . Further, aspect ratio (AR), the ratio of the maximum diameter of the aneurysm to the width of the aneurysm neck, has been correlated with elevated risk of rupture . The purpose of the current study is to explore the possibility of creating elastase induced aneurysms in rabbits with a range of aspect ratios (ratio of aneurysm height/neck) and evaluate the existence of a correlation between aspect ratio and WSS distribution. Aneurysms with ARs from 0.98 to 2.8 were created at the origin of the right common carotid artery (n = 30). Qualitative differences in WSS distribution were found in the high AR aneurysms (HARA) (AR>1.6) and low AR aneurysms (LARA) (AR<1.6) .
- Bioengineering Division
CFD Study of the Relationship Between Wall Shear Stress and Aspect Ratio in Elastase Induced Rabbit Aneurysm Models
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Zeng, Z, Zakaria, H, Kadirvel, R, Ding, Y, Lewis, DA, Kallmes, DF, & Robertson, AM. "CFD Study of the Relationship Between Wall Shear Stress and Aspect Ratio in Elastase Induced Rabbit Aneurysm Models." Proceedings of the ASME 2008 Summer Bioengineering Conference. ASME 2008 Summer Bioengineering Conference, Parts A and B. Marco Island, Florida, USA. June 25–29, 2008. pp. 35-36. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/SBC2008-193139
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