Kinesins, biomolecular motors that move along microtubules (MTs) can potentially be utilized as an actuator in nanoscale transporting systems. Recent studies have reported inverted geometry in vitro, in which MTs randomly moved on kinesins fixed to substrates. To develop the transporting systems, one of key elements includes precise control of the direction of sliding MTs. One possible method is to utilize electric field (EF) to direct the MTs because MTs are negatively charged in neutral solutions [1,2]. For example, MTs have been shown to orient to the direction of uniaxially or biaxially applied EFs [3,4]. However, for a reliable transporting system, further studies are still required to control the direction of sliding MTs dynamically and effectively. In our previous study [5], we applied EF to MTs in random direction and showed that the rate of change in angle (angular velocity) was proportional to the sin of the angle between the directions of MTs and the generated electrophoretic force. The result indicates that it is most efficient to continuously apply EF perpendicular to the direction of MTs. In this study, the direction of sliding MTs was dynamically controlled with EF, particularly demonstrating a circular movement of MTs.

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