Adipose tissue plays an important role in the load transfer between different tissue structures like skin and muscle. Though a plethora of papers can be found on properties of these surrounding tissue layers, only few papers addressed the properties of the adipose layer with its specific morphology. As a result, a thorough constitutive model describing the mechanical behavior of adipose tissue is lacking. This seems odd, because numerical models including the subcutaneous adipose tissue are needed in a wide field of applications such as skin device contact, needle insertion procedures, and understanding deep tissue injuries.

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