The leakage evaluation when gas is used is more severe than that when liquid is used in pipe flange connections. In a practical design, it is also necessary to examine the leakage in the connection under liquid internal pressure. This paper deals with the contact gasket stress distributions in the pipe flange connections with a spiral wound gasket and a compressed sheet gasket by using elasto-plastic finite element method (FEM) taking account hysteresis and non-linearity in the stress-strain curves of the gaskets, when bending moments as well as internal pressure are applied to the connections. In the FEM calculations, the effects of the gaskets and the initial clamping bolt force (bolt preload) on the contact gasket stress distributions are examined. The leakage tests for the connections under bending moments were also conducted by using liquid (water). By using the results of the leakage tests and the calculated contact gasket stress distributions, the sealing performance of the connections is evaluated. It is found that the sealing performance of the connection under the bending moment can be estimated when internal fluid is liquid (water).

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