It has been well known that a scatter in axial bolt forces of pipe flange connections tightened by the torque control method is substantial. It is necessary for evaluating the sealing performance of the pipe flange connections with the gaskets subjected to intemal pressure to know the contact gasket stress distributions due to the scatter of the axial bolt forces in the connections tightened by the torque control method. This paper deals with the leakage of the pipe flange connections with a spiral wound gasket and that with a compressed sheet gasket tightened by the torque control method. The scatter in the axial bolt forces was measured in the experiments. The contact gasket stress distributions at the interfaces of the pipe flange connections with the gaskets were calculated under the measured axial bolt forces by using elasto-plastic finite element method (FEM) taking into account hysteresis and non-linearity in the stress-strain curves of the gaskets. The effects of the scatter in the axial bolt forces tightened by the torque control method on the gas leakage were also examined by using the actual pipe flange connections. As the result, a difference in an amount of gas leakage measured was found to be substantial between our study and PVRC procedure. By using the calculated contact gasket stress distributions under the internal pressure and the results of the leakage tests, the sealing performance was evaluated. It is found that the sealing performance is worse in the actual pipe flange connection than that evaluated by PVRC procedure.
Effects of Scatter in Bolt Preload of Pipe Flange Connections With Gaskets on Sealing Performance
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Sawa, T, Matsumoto, M, & Nagata, S. "Effects of Scatter in Bolt Preload of Pipe Flange Connections With Gaskets on Sealing Performance." Proceedings of the ASME 2003 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference. Analysis of Bolted Joints. Cleveland, Ohio, USA. July 20–24, 2003. pp. 65-75. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/PVP2003-1875
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