The oil and gas exploration has moved from shallow water to much deeper water far off the continental shelf. Spar platforms under deep water conditions are found to be the most economical and efficient type of offshore platform. Several Spar platforms installed in the Gulf of Mexico and North Sea proves its suitability for deep water exploration. Accurate prediction of motions of a Spar hull is very important for the integrity and associated costs of the riser/mooring line. The most common approach for solving the dynamics of Spar platform is to employ a decoupled quasi-static method, which ignores all or part of the interaction effects between the platform, mooring lines and risers. Coupled analysis, which includes the mooring lines, risers and platform in a single model, is the only way to capture the damping from mooring lines and risers in a consistent manner. The present coupling is capable in matching the forces, displacement, velocities and acceleration for mooring line with Spar hull at the fairlead position and riser with Spar hull at the riser keel connection. It can handle possible significant nonlinearities. The output from such analyses will be platform motions as well as a detailed mooring line and riser responses. In actual field problems hydrodynamic and aerodynamic loads act simultaneously on Spar platform, mooring lines and risers. In finite element model, the entire structure acts as a continuum. This model can handle all nonlinearities, loading and boundary conditions. The selected configuration of Spar platform is analysed under wave force together with wind loading and its structural response behaviour in steady state is studied. An automatic Newmark-β time incremental approach in ABAQUS/AQUA environment has been implemented to conduct the analysis in time domain. The wind force acting on the exposed part of the platform encompasses mean and fluctuating wind components. The frontal region includes the topside assembly and the spar hull portion above the sea level. High degree of nonlinearities makes the solutions convergence sensitive and it requires large number of iterations, at each time station. Spar responses in surge, heave and pitch along with top tension in moorings are computed. The coupled Spar experiences significant lateral shift along wave direction due to wind loading. Increase in standard deviation shows the participation of wind loading giving higher fluctuations. The CML tension increases for wind loading but the extent of the tension fluctuations under wind loading is not much due to high pretension of mooring line.
Wind Induced Nonlinear Response of Coupled Spar Platform
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Jameel, M, Ahmad, S, Islam, ABMS, & Jumaat, MZ. "Wind Induced Nonlinear Response of Coupled Spar Platform." Proceedings of the ASME 2014 33rd International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering. Volume 8A: Ocean Engineering. San Francisco, California, USA. June 8–13, 2014. V08AT06A061. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/OMAE2014-23779
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