The deck height of a tension leg platform or semi-submersible depends in large part on the expected crest height. This expected crest height is the result of the sea state, i.e. the incoming wave train, and local enhancement due to the vessels diffraction of the wave train. These local enhancements are usually determined by a combination of numerical computations and model tests. Quite often a crest enhancement factor is defined which takes into consideration these local amplification effects. Extrapolating the enhancement factor from extreme conditions to survival conditions may lead to significantly large crests and result in a very high deck elevation.
Many studies, including the CresT JIP address the characteristics of the crests within a given sea state and in the absence of a vessel. This paper addresses the effect of the presence of a vessel on the crest heights, and in particular the high crests which will ultimately determine deck height. The paper is based on experimental measurements of wave elevations underneath and around various tension leg platforms and semi submersibles. The investigated sea states comprise of a series of long crested irregular waves, generated in a model basin, which describe extreme and survival conditions in the Gulf of Mexico. The crest heights underneath the vessel are measured and compared with crests which occur without the presence of the vessel. Numerical predictions of the local amplification are also made, based on 1st order diffraction analysis and the as-measured incident wave train. A narrative is provided on the differences in crest height and observed phenomena.