TransCanada, on behalf of the Coastal GasLink (CGL) project, has carried out two full-scale burst tests [1, 2] at the Spadeadam test site of DNV GL, to validate the effectiveness of crack arrestors and refine the propagation control design for the large-diameter, X80 linepipe required for this project. The tests were supported by LNG Canada and TransCanada Technology Management Program. For these full-scale burst tests, Grade 550linepipe having Charpy energies from 125 to over 450 J were produced using thermomechanical controlled processing (TMCP) technology.
This paper describes propagation and arrest properties of the X80 linepipe materials having various Charpy energy values from the aspect of crack propagation energy and crack propagation speed relationships from instrumented Charpy and press-notched (PN) and static pre-cracked drop-weight tear (SPC-DWT) tests, together with in-situ observation of crack propagation by high-speed video camera. It was found that crack propagation speed is greatly affected by crack propagation energy measured by both Charpy and instrumented DWT tests. The crack propagation energy is lower in DWTT specimens with a higher separation index. It is not clear whether the crack propagation energy is only affected by the separations. However, the crack velocity is higher in DWTT specimens with a higher separation index. It is assumed that the crack propagation speed might be not only affected by separation but also low propagation energy. The testing data obtained from Charpy and instrumented DWT tests are compared with the fracture speed data measured from the full-scale burst test. The correlation between Charpy energy and crack propagation energy in DWTT is also compared with the predictions of an empirical equation.