Abstract

Melting and flowing of aluminum alloys is a challenging problem for computational codes. Unlike most common substances, the surface of an aluminum melt exhibits rapid oxidation and elemental migration, and like a bag filled with water can remain 2-dimensionally unruptured while the metal inside is flowing. Much of the historical work in this area focuses on friction welding and neglects the surface behavior due to the high stress of the application. We are concerned with low-stress melting applications, in which the bag behavior is more relevant. Adapting models and measurements from the literature, we have developed a formulation for the viscous behavior of the melt based on an abstraction of historical measurement, and a construct for the bag behavior. These models are implemented and demonstrated in a 3D level-set multi-phase solver package, SIERRA/Aria. A series of increasingly complex simulation scenarios are illustrated that help verify implementation of the models in conjunction with other required model components like convection, radiation, gravity, and surface interactions.

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