Turbulent flow of a Non-Newtonian polymer fluid through concentric annuli was studied using 9 m long horizontal flow loop (inner to outer pipe radius ratio = 0.4) and Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) technique.
A high molecular weight, anionic, water soluble, acrylamide-based copolymer was used as a viscosifier. The aqueous polymer solution exhibited power law rheology with strong shear thinning behavior.
Experiments with aqueous polymer solutions have been conducted at the same bulk velocity as water experiments. Mean bulk velocity values changed from 0.827 to 1.164 m/s, corresponding to solvent (water) Reynolds number from 46000 to 68000.
Mean axial velocity and Reynolds stress distribution in the near wall region (considering both inner and outer walls) and in the whole annular gap were determined. Axial mean velocity profile was found to be following the universal wall law close to the wall, but it deviated from logarithmic law with an increased slope in the logarithmic zone.
Radial locations of the maximum velocity values were also determined and compared to that of water flow. For the range of Reynolds numbers studied, location of maximum velocity was found to be dependent on Reynolds number. As Reynolds number increased, location of maximum velocity moved closer to inner wall.
Reynolds and laminar stresses were calculated. Reynolds stresses for polymer fluid flow decreased with increasing polymer concentration and were found to be always smaller than that of water. Laminar stresses, on the other hand, were found to be always higher at higher polymer concentration, reflecting the effect of the fluid viscosity.