Analytical models developed to investigate charge transfer in Li-ion battery cathodes reveal distinct transport regimes where performance may be limited by either microstructural surface characteristics or solid phase geometry. For several cathode materials, particularly those employing conductive additives, surface characteristics are expected to drive these performance limitations. For such electrodes gains in performance may be achieved by modifying surface geometry to increase surface area. However, added surface area may present a diminishing return if complex structures restrict access to electrochemically active interfaces. A series of parametric studies has been performed to better ascertain the merits of complex, tailored surfaces in Li-ion battery cathodes. The interaction between lithium transport and surface geometry is explored using a finite element model in which complex surfaces are simulated with fractal structures. Analysis of transport in these controlled structures permits assessment of scaling behavior related to surface complexity and provides insight into trade-offs in tailoring particle surface geometry.

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