A Computational Fluid Dynamics tool is used to determine the detailed flow field developing around two-blade horizontal axis wind turbines (HAWT) in downwind and upwind configurations. The resulting flow field around the wind turbine is used to evaluate the low-frequency noise radiating to the far-field, using an acoustic analogy method. The influence of the variation of wind velocity and rotational speed of the rotor to the sound pressure level is analyzed. This paper shows that the tower shadow effect of a downwind configuration wind turbine generates higher aerodynamic infrasound when compared to a corresponding upwind configuration. For validation, a comparison between numerical results and experimental data consisting of sound pressure levels measured from a two-blade downwind configuration wind turbine is presented.
Evaluation of Aerodynamic Infrasound Radiating From Upwind and Downwind HAWTs
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Sescu, A, & Afjeh, AA. "Evaluation of Aerodynamic Infrasound Radiating From Upwind and Downwind HAWTs." Proceedings of the ASME 2012 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. Volume 12: Vibration, Acoustics and Wave Propagation. Houston, Texas, USA. November 9–15, 2012. pp. 75-81. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2012-86189
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