Recent circulation control testing at West Virginia University, in a closed loop wind tunnel, has been conducted on models where the trailing edge radius was selected to be smaller than that used in literature, such as Loth and Boasson , 1.5 inches and Englar , 0.4375 inches. The reduced size was chosen in an attempt to minimize the drag experienced during periods of non-activation of the circulation control, and the smaller size was more compatible to the wind tunnel test section size. However, while the drag is lessened by a smaller trailing edge, the performance of circulation control also appears to be dependent upon a multitude of variables including, but not limited to, the trailing edge radius and jet velocity. Through a modeled experiment, the two attributes that influence the circulation control performance were concurrently manipulated by varying the radius of curvature and the velocity of the blown jet. The combination of these characteristics were experimentally explored to determine the location where the jet leaves the surface of the cylinder, also known as the separation point. The optimum separation point is defined as the farthest angular displacement from the plane of the blown jet exit slot, which corresponds to the greatest increase in the circulation around the cylinder, representing the trailing edge of a circulation control airfoil. From the known radius and jet velocity, an expression that relates the separation point and the mass flow rate velocity quantity are compared. Understanding the blowing coefficient and its impact on the separation point, results in a predictive relationship between these two attributes of circulation control. The results of this two-dimensional cylinder study found that an increase in trailing edge radius decreased the location of the separation point. In addition, an increase in the jet velocity resulted in an increase in the separation point location. The combination of these two quantities produced a relationship similar to each individually, illustrated by the mass flow rate velocity value, which is the blowing coefficient excluding free stream conditions, versus the angle of separation. Data is therein compared to the theory by Newman , which predicts a maximum separation point location at 245 degrees beyond the jet exit plane and an increase in the separation point as the radius of curvature increases. The results of this study found a separation point maximized at 231 degrees, and, contrary to Newman , a decrease in the separation point was found as the radius of the cylinders increased.
Delay in Flow Separation for Circulation Controlled Cylinders
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Patterson, BW, Angle, GM, II, Pertl, ED, & Smith, JE. "Delay in Flow Separation for Circulation Controlled Cylinders." Proceedings of the ASME 2010 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. Volume 1: Advances in Aerospace Technology. Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. November 12–18, 2010. pp. 69-76. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2010-37574
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