A two dimensional numerical simulation is conducted to investigate the flow and heat transfer characteristics of single phase liquid laminar flow through rough microchannels. The wall roughness is simulated in a series of cases with rectangular, triangular and trapezoidal elements, respectively. Shape factor and peak position have been used to analyze the influence of roughness elements on centerline velocity distribution, pressure drop and Nusselt number. It is found that the shape factor has a significant effect on the centerline velocity distribution, pressure drop and Nusselt number. It is also found that, for a given shape factor, the effect of peak position on pressure drop is strongly than centerline velocity distribution and heat transfer. In addition, for all considered roughness element shapes, the rectangular element displays a poor heat transfer and large pressure drop.

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