This paper describes the mechanical and electrical design of a compact high fidelity desktop haptic interface that provides three-degree-of-freedom point-force interaction through a handheld pen-like stylus. The complete haptic device combines a spatial linkage, actuation, power amplification, and control electronics in a standalone package with a footprint similar to that of a notebook computer (33cm × 25cm × 10cm). The procedure used to design the statically balanced spatial linkage is explained and both an inexpensive lightweight plastic version and a high stiffness, high strength, aluminum and stainless steel version are presented. The theory and implementation of sinusoidal encoder interpolation and sinusoidal servo-motor commutation used to achieve high-fidelity haptic simulation is covered for two versions of electronic control hardware: custom hardware based on a digital signal processor (DSP) and an off-the-shelf design based on an embedded PC.

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