Electric fields have been shown to induce cell migration (galvanotaxis) and cell shape changes (galvanotropism) in many cell types, such as neural crest cells, embryonic cells, and chondrocytes [1–3]. In this study, a novel microfluidic system was developed to study individual cellular responses to applied electric fields. These microfabricated channels are made from commercially available poly-dimethyl-siloxane (PDMS). This gas permeable, tough, and transparent polymer provides a sterile tissue culture environment and permits visualization of cells using epifluorescence microscopy. In conjunction with the device, a custom computer program was written to quantify the migratory behavior of cells by analyzing changes in position and cell shape. The flexibility of the channel geometry allows for a wider range of chamber resistance and applied currents (achieving a particular field strength) that may permit further study into the underlying mechanisms of electric field directed cell migration and orientation.

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