This paper presents the curving performance of railway vehicles with Air Suspensions. Air Suspensions sometimes cause reduction of Wheel Load at transition curve negotiation. The axle spring of leading axle outside and air spring of leading bogie outside will extend when passing the exit transition curve because of the distortion of the track plane. Because Air Suspension has an automatic leveling function that each air spring is controlled by Leveling Valve to maintain a constant length, air in the extended spring exhaust through Leveling Valve to reduce the pressure of this air spring in order to make it back to original length. So the air spring pressure of leading bogie outside reduces furthermore and Wheel Load of leading axle outside reduces severely. This may be the reason of derailment. The distortion of track plane unbalances inner pressure of Air Suspensions and vertical load of wheels at entrance transition curve, because of the nonlinear characteristic of Air Suspension system caused by the Leveling Valve. Computer simulation of low speed transition curve negotiation shows that the lower running speed is, the more severe unbalance of Air Suspension inner pressure and Wheel Load become. The reduction of 1st axle outside wheel at exit transition curve is depended on this Wheel Load unbalance phenomena at circular curve. And this running process influences the after behavior of railway vehicle. The simulation also shows that the longer entrance transition curve is, the more severely the 1st axle outside Wheel Load reduces. The full-scale bench experiments gave the result as nearly same as computer simulation. A new concept control device is proposed to prevent the reduction of Wheel Load at exit transition curve. Both the simulation and bench experiment proved its control performance of Wheel Load reduction prevention. And proposed control device can also be used in tilting control and kneeling control of railway vehicle. General multi-body dynamics analysis software SIMPACK is used to confirm advantageous effect of proposed control device and full vehicle curve passing simulation shows that derailment coefficient reduced when proposed control device is applied in transition curve negotiation.
- Design Engineering Division and Computers and Information in Engineering Division
Simulation of Low Speed Transition Curve Negotiation and Air Suspension Control to Prevent Wheel Load Reduction of Railway Vehicle
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Suda, Y, Wang, W, Komine, H, Sato, Y, Nakai, T, & Shimokawa, Y. "Simulation of Low Speed Transition Curve Negotiation and Air Suspension Control to Prevent Wheel Load Reduction of Railway Vehicle." Proceedings of the ASME 2005 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference. Volume 6: 5th International Conference on Multibody Systems, Nonlinear Dynamics, and Control, Parts A, B, and C. Long Beach, California, USA. September 24–28, 2005. pp. 2141-2147. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/DETC2005-84317
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